What Is Balloon Kyphoplasty?
Why Do I Need This Procedure?
Spinal fractures can also be caused by cancer, the most common being multiple myeloma, breast, lung and prostate. According to the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation, 55-70% of Multiple Myeloma patients already have VCFs at the time of diagnosis and 15-30% develop new VCFs annually. 1
The change in the shape of the vertebral body following fracture alters the body’s center of gravity. Multiple spinal fractures can affect the alignment of the entire spine. Over time, this alteration in spinal configuration may lead to reduction of motion and strength and well as visible spinal deformity known as kyphosis or “dowager’s hump.”
How Is Balloon Kyphoplasty Performed?
Step 1: Balloon Placement
An incision is made approximately 1 cm in length. Using a needle and cannula (tube), the spine specialist creates a small pathway into the fractured bone. A small, orthopedic balloon is guided through the tube into the vertebra. The procedure is done on both sides of the vertebral body.
Step 2: Balloon Inflation
Next, balloons are carefully inflated in an attempt to raise the collapsed vertebrae and return it to its pre-fracture position.
Step 3: Cavity Creation
In an attempt to create a void (cavity), the balloons are inflated in the vertebral body. Once the vertebral body is in the correct position, the balloon is deflated and removed.
Step 4: Cavity Fill
The cavity is filled with bone cement.
Step 5: Internal Cast
The bone cement forms an “internal cast” to support the surrounding bone and prevent further collapse.
How Long Will It Take Me To Recover?
After the procedure, you will likely be transferred to the recovery room for about an hour for observation. While in the hospital, you may be encouraged to walk and move about.
Your surgeon will have a specific post-operative recovery/exercise plan to help you return to your normal daily life as soon as possible. Patients usually report relief from pain and are able to walk and move about soon after the procedure. Your doctor will schedule a follow-up visit and explain limitations, if any, on your activity. Following a balloon kyphoplasty, you may notice a rapid improvement of some or all of your symptoms, including pain; other symptoms may improve more gradually.
Work closely with your physician to determine the appropriate recovery protocol for you, and follow his or her instructions closely to optimize the healing process.
To determine whether you are a candidate for a balloon kyphoplasty, please talk to your doctor.
Are There Any Potential Risks Or Complications?
For complete information regarding indications for use, contraindications, warnings, precautions, adverse events, and methods of use, please reference the devices’ Instructions for Use.
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